.......Classical Heraldry .......

Arms of the 13th and 14th Centuries (12)
John de Dreux, Earl of Richmond ~ Chequy Or and Azure a canton Ermine all within a bordure Gules charged with eight lions passant guardant of the First.

John was the fourth son of Arthur II, Duke of Brittany, but the only son by his second wife, Yolande, widow of Alexander III, King of Scots. He inherited Dreux from his mother, the county of Montfort from his maternal grandmother, and was granted Richmond to hold until he had recovered his confiscated French lands.

William, Lord de la Zouche ~ Gules ten bezants 4,3,2, and 1

This warrior fought in Scotland often during the first thirty-three years of the 14th century, in Ireland against Edward de Brus, the brother of the King of Scots, in Gascony against the French, and in England against Piers Gaveston, the favourite of Edward II. For their part in the death of Gaveston he and his son were pardoned, but his son subsequently had to flee England and it was his grandson who eventually succeeded to the title.

Thomas de Wake, Lord of Liddesdale ~ Or two bars Gules and in chief three torteaux.

Although described by the artist, Graham Johnston, as Lord of Liddesdale (his Scottish lands), he is better known as Lord Wake, his English title. He had an active life in the wars and diplomacy of the reigns of Edward II and Edward III, and a dangerous life in English politics, supporting Queen Isabel and Mortimer in their rebellion against Edward II.

Sir Robert de Manners ~ Or two bars Azure and a chief Gules.

This warrior was a notable knight who fought long in the wars against Scotland. As Constable of Norham Castle during a siege by Robert the Bruce in 1327 he led a sally which defeated the Scottish contingent around the main gate, killing its leader. He was captured by the Scots at the Battle of Presfen in 1338, but was ransomed. He was in the victorious English army in 1346 at Neville’s Cross, and died peacefully in 1355 (as ancestor of the Dukes of Rutland).

Henry, Lord Percy ~ Or a lion rampant Azure armed and langued Gules.

Henry Percy was the great-great-great-grandson of that Jocelyn de Louvain who married Agnes, the Percy co-heiress, whose name he took in combination with his own arms (the Louvain lion). The Percy family was renowned for its warriors and Henry won fame throughout his life as soldier and diplomat in the Scottish wars at Alnwick, Dunbar, Halidon Hill and Neville’s Cross among others.

Henry, Lord de Beaumont ~ Azure semée of fleurs-de-lys a lion rampant Or

Henry Beaumont married Alice, niece and heir of line to John Comyn, Earl of Buchan, in which title he was summoned to the English Parliament in 1339. He was Constable of various castles, an ambassador to France on many occasions, and fought in the wars against Scotland. He fought for Edward II at Boroughbridge and in consequence was appointed Constable of England, but he then turned, prevented the King’s escape, and at Berkeley Castle the King was murdered with the insertion of a white-hot poker.

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