and its

view of history

The following text is reproduced from a page of the Symbolism booklet supplied with the standard boxed game of
Regency

The use of symbols in battle, both to assist identification and to inspire awe, is ancient. The term “heraldry” tends today to be used in a strict sense for hereditary symbols displayed primarily on shields and flags, probably from around the end of the eleventh century ~ but in its origins the system may be readily recognised as dating from biblical times. “Every man of the children of Israel shall pitch by his own standard, with the ensign of their father’s house.” (The Book of Numbers, Chapter ii, verse 34).

Later Herodotus wrote “And to them is allowed the invention of three things, which have come into use among the Greeks: for the Carians seem to be the first who put crests upon their helmets and sculptured devices upon their shields.” (Clio § 171). The Romans were devoted to the eagles with which their standard bearers led them into battle, and the use of that eagle symbol on banners was resuscitated in the time of Charlemagne, crowned Emperor at Rome in 800 A.D., possibly as a personal emblem.

At Hastings in 1066 the traditional view is that, in the absence of systematically decorated shields embroidered on the Bayeux Tapestry, heraldry was yet to be invented, but this ignores the standard of the Count of Boulogne, who is depicted on horseback bearing a device to be found a few years later on the shield of his successor (about the time classical heraldry was imported into Scotland).

Scottish heraldry is applauded as “classical” because during the next eight centuries it retained its purity and simplicity ~ its elegance. As a means of personal identification it remained functional, no two men of the same family using the same design (as has become the practice in other countries). As a means of decoration it retained its splendour, the decadence of baroque embellishment and aquatint artistry having been successfully resisted by the disciplines of the Lords Lyon, who as King of Arms act for the Sovereign in heraldic matters. As symbolism it is effective and unambiguous, and thus eminently suitable for the game of Regency.

IN THE ABSENCE OR INCAPACITY OF THE SOVEREIGN, a Council of Regency was appointed to govern through a Regent or through co-Regents. Among those who so acted from the death of Robert I until the Union of the Crowns, as Regents or as Governors or as Guardians, were the eighteen listed below.

Of these the ten printed in red met premature deaths in battle, in prison, or at the hands of an assassin. During this same period, the first four kings of the name of James died similarly, as did the only legitimate child of the fifth, Mary, Queen of Scots, and two of her three husbands.

Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray
Donald, Earl of Mar

Sir Andrew Moray of Bothwell
Sir Archibald Douglas
John Randolph, Earl of Moray

Robert Stewart, the future King Robert II
Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany

David, Earl of Carrick, Duke of Rothesay
Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany

Archibald, 5th Earl of Douglas
James Kennedy, Bishop of St Andrews
John Stewart, Duke of Albany
Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus
James Hamilton, Earl of Arran

James Stewart, Earl of Moray
Mathew Stewart, Earl of Lennox
John Erskine, Earl of Mar
James Douglas, Earl of Morton

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Regency ~ A Welcome
Regency ~ a Brief Introduction
Regency ~ a Brief Introduction
Regency and its Structure
Regency and Symbolism
Regency ~ Download the Board
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