.......Classical Heraldry .......

Arms of the 13th and 14th Centuries (9)
Sir Rafe de Monthermer, styled Earl of Gloucester ~ Or an eagle displayed Vert armed Gules.

Rafe de Monthermer was styled Earl of Gloucester in right of his wife, Joan, daughter of King Edward I, widow of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester. In her widowhood she fell for his charms and married him secretly against the King’s wishes, which landed him in prison for a while. Subsequently Joan was forgiven. He fought often in Scotland, and was defeated by the Bruce in 1307.

Sir Walter de Bickertoun ~ Argent an eagle displayed Gules armed Sable.

The only historical note of Walter Bickerton of Luffness, a Scottish knight, is of his attempted ambush of an English party led by Sir Thomas Gray of Heton. The Gray family’s account of this describes how with only twenty-six men-at-arms Sir Thomas charged the Scots, wheeled and charged again, then wheeled and charged again, and captured 180 saddled horses!

Sir Alexander Fraser ~ Azure five cinquefoils Argent.

This is probably an error for Sir Simon Fraser, the outstanding supporter of Robert the Bruce who bore these arms. He was famous for defeating three English divisions near Roslin in three successive actions on the same day in 1303, and for saving the lives of Sir William Wallace at the battle of Hopprew and of King Robert Bruce at the battle of Methven. He was captured in 1306, taken to London and there hanged, drawn and quartered.

Piers de Gaveston, Earl of Cornwall ~ Vert six eagles displayed Or armed Gules

The story of this favourite of King Edward II is well known. He was exiled by Edward I who feared the effect his homosexuality was having on his son, but when Longshanks died Edward II recalled him, created him Earl of Cornwall, and showered him with favours. His arrogance created enemies and eventually, taken prisoner by them, he was beheaded in the presence of the Earl of Lancaster, the King’s kinsman.

Sir William de Fiennes ~ Azure three lions rampant Or.

(Here is an error by the artist, for the lions are blazoned rampant, which requires the right rear leg to be raised more than this.)

Sir William de Fiennes was a Burgundian knight fighting for the English who commanded the castle at Roxburgh when it was attacked by Sir James Douglas on Shrove Tuesday in 1314. He was killed by an arrow while defending the keep.

Robert Lord de Clifford ~ Chequy Or and Azure a fess Gules.

Robert de Clifford, Lord Clifford had a distinguished military career as Captain General of the Marches of Scotland, as (for a short period) Marshal of England, and from 1308 as Warden of the Scottish Marches. At Bannockburn in 1314 he led a reconnaissance squadron that was intercepted by Randolph, Earl of Moray, and was killed when his horse was piked.

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Arms of Imperial Russia
The Shape of the Shield ~ Part One
The Shape of the Shield ~ Part Two
The Shape of the Shield ~ Part Three
The Shape of the Shield ~ Part Four
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