.......Classical Heraldry .......

Arms of the 13th and 14th Centuries (8)


Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke ~ Barry of twelve Argent and Azure an orle of ten martlets Gules.

This is not a good illustration of the arms. The metal looks to be more Or than Argent, and the artist has emblazoned six barrulets instead of barry. The Earl fought for Edward I at Falkirk in 1298 and at Carlaverock in 1300, and was appointed by him Guardian of Scotland in 1304. In 1306, commanding the English forces at Methven he almost captured Robert the Bruce.

Arms of Valence, Earl of Pembroke
Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray ~ Or three cushions within a double tressure flory counterflory Gules.

Thomas Randolph, nephew of Robert the Bruce by Isabel, his half-sister, while still a young man was captured at the battle of Methven, but went over to the English. Later, reverting to his firsst loyalty, he captured the castle at Edinburgh and played an important role in the Scottish victory at Bannockburn. He had a distinguished career subsequently as a warrior.

Arms of Randolph, Earl of Moray
Sir Adam de Gordon ~ Azure three boars’ heads Or langued Gules.

The origins of the Gordons are still unresolved, but it is generally agreed that the beginnings of the great Gordon clan may be found in the immediate family of Sir Adam based on the town of Gordon in Berwickshire. In the Wars of Independence he first fought for Edward I, notably at Methven, but later came over to Robert the Bruce and was rewarded with large lands in Aberdeenshire.

Arms of Gordon, later Earls of Huntly
Thomas, Earl of Lancaster ~ “England with a label of France.”

The story of Thomas, grandson of Henry III, is part of the story of England. Of his heraldry we can quote ~

Arms of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster
Thomas de Langcastre estoit contes
Si est de ses armes tiels li contes
De Engleterre au label de France
Et ne veul plus mettre en souffrance.
Thomas was Earl of Lancaster;
this is the description of his arms:
those of England with a label of France,
and he would not display any other.
The “label of France” is, of course, Azure semée of fleurs de lys Or.
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex ~ Azure a bend Argent cotised Or between six lioncels of the last.

This was another error by the artist, for the lioncels (the little lions rampant) should be gold, not silver. Humphrey de Bohun married, as her second husband, Elizabeth, daughter of Edward I, and was one of the richest and most powerful men in England. He was with the king at Carlaverock in 1300, captured the Bruce’s wife in 1306 at Kildrummie, and was himself captured in 1314 at Bannockburn.

Arms of de Bohun
Sir Christopher de Seton ~ Or three crescents Gules.

The repetition of Christian names within the family, together with the family’s continuous participation in the turmoil of the 13th and 14th centuries warfare, have made it difficult to define the line of descent of the early Setons. Sir Christopher, then the Chief of Name and Arms, married as her second husband Christian, sister of Robert the Bruce, was captured at Kildrummie in 1306, and was then hanged, drawn and quartered at Dumfries.

Arms of Seton

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Arms of Imperial Russia
The Shape of the Shield ~ Part One
The Shape of the Shield ~ Part Two
The Shape of the Shield ~ Part Three
The Shape of the Shield ~ Part Four
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