.......Classical Heraldry .......

Arms of the 13th and 14th Centuries (7)

 

Arms of fitz Roger
Sir Robert fitz Roger ~ Quarterly Or and Gules a bend Sable

This knight had a fairly distinguished career in the Anglo-Scottish wars, fighting for Edward at both Falkirk and Carlaverock. He was the son and heir of Roger fitz John, Lord of Clavering, to which he succeeded in 1249, when very young. He was at the Parliaments held between 1295 and 1309, and is accordingly held to have been created Lord FitzRoger. The bend in this illustration of the arms has been fimbriated, but should not have been.

Sir John fitz Marmaduke ~ Gules a fess between three popinjays Argent.

These may be popinjays in the picture, but they look more like partridges (as borne by the Northumberland FitzMarmadukes). Sir John was the eldest son of Marmaduke Fitz Geoffrey and was Lord of Hordern in County Durham. His kinsman Richard, who bore the same arms debruised by a baton, was killed by Robert de Nevill in a fight over who was the greater lord.

Arms of fitz Marmaduke
Sir John de Segrave ~ Sable a lion rampant Argent crowned Or.

After King Edward fortified Berwick in 1302, he left Sir John de Segrave, a knight banneret and Lord of Segrave, as Guardian of Scotland. The Scots began to fight again under the leadership of John de Comyn, in consequence of which Segrave marched into Scotland and encamped at Rosslyn where, in a night attack, the Scots defeated him. He was taken prisoner at Bannockburn, and remained active in English politics until his death in 1325.

Arms of de Segrave
Sir Walter, 6th High Steward of Scotland ~ Or a fess chequy Azure and Argent.

As a young man he commanded, under the tutelage of the Good Sir James, the left wing of the Scottish army at Bannockburn, and the next year married the Lady Marjorie, daughter of Robert the Bruce, from which union sprang the Kings of Scotland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom. In 1322, again with Sir James Douglas in a raid into Yorkshire, he almost captured Edward II.

Arms of Stewart
Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick ~ Gules a fess between six cross crosslets Or.

The 10th Earl of Warwick, Hereditary Sheriff of Worcestershire, fought for Edward I at Falkirk, Carlaverock and Stirling (1304). He was a fierce opponent of Piers Gaveston, Edward II’s favourite, and, although he refused to be present, and insisted that the deed should not be completed in the area under his jurisdiction, was complicit in his murder. Although finally pardoned, he and his confederates refused to join the King’s army at Bannockburn.

Arms of Beauchamp
Sir William de Oliphant ~ Gules three crescents Argent.

The history of the Oliphants in the 13th and 14th centuries is not clear, but Sir William, 1st Lord of Aberdalgy stands out clearly as a Scottish hero. He fought at Dunbar in 1296, was captured, imprisoned for a year and then released to fight for King Edward in Flanders under the command of the Earl of Atholl. In 1304 he commanded Stirling Castle for the Scots and held out against Edward with a very small garrison until they were forced to surrender with honour.

Arms of Oliphant



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