.......Classical Heraldry .......

Arms of the 13th and 14th Centuries (6)


Heraldry - Arms of Sir Hugh de Cressingham
Sir Hugh de Cressingham ~ Argent three swans in pale Sable beaked Gules

When King Edward I appointed de Cressingham Chamberlain of Scotland in 1296, he rapidly became the most unpopular man in the country. Evidence of this reputation was obvious when he was killed at Stirling Bridge and the victors flayed his corpse, making leather belts from strips of his skin.

Sir William de Lundy ~ Paly Argent and Gules, on a bend Azure three cushions of the first.

The only reference we have found for this knight is his rescue of Thomas de Gray following the killing of William de Livingstone by Sir William Wallace. These are the ancient arms of Lundy of that Ilk previous to their being changed for Scotland with a bordure compony in token of a bastard descent from William I.

Heraldry - Arms of Sir William de Lundy
Heraldry - Arms of Sir Henry de Haliburton Sir Henry de Haliburton ~ Or on a bend Azure three mascles of the first.

These are the arms of Haliburton of that Ilk, later Lords Dirleton. Sir Henry was sent by Wallace to seize Berwick after the Earl of Warenne had razed it to the ground and fled southwards. Little is known of the family before the reign of Robert the Bruce, but later, as tenants of the Earl of Dunbar, the descendants prospered.

Sir Andrew de Livingston ~ Argent three cinquefoils Gules.

Owing to the death warrant of Sir William Wallace referring to the Sheriff of Lanark, whom he killed, as de Hezelrig (one of his properties), and to further confusion with his son William, there has been doubt about the Sheriff's true identity, but it is accepted now that he was Sir Andrew, the founder of the Livingstons of Callendar.

Heraldry - Arms of Sir Andrew de Livingston
Heraldry - Arms of Sir William de Ormesby Sir William de Ormesby ~ Gules a bend between six cross crosslets fitchy Or.

Together with Hugh de Cressingham's appointment as Chamberlain of Scotland, Edward I made Sir William de Ormesby the Justiciar. Scotland was in revolt during his term of office, so there was little he could achieve in the establishment of law and order. His family estates were in Lincolnshire and today it is based in Ireland.

Sir William Wallace ~ Gules a lion rampant Argent and a bordure compony of the last and Azure.

The bordure compony (or gobony) was not used in Wallace's time to indicate bastardy, and it may have been his difference for his position as a second son. Today, Wallace of that Ilk surrounds the lion in his pronominal quarter with a bordure counter-compony, introduced by a Lord Lyon who wished to remove any suggestion of bastardy.

Heraldry - Arms of Sir William Wallace

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Arms of Imperial Russia
The Shape of the Shield ~ Part One
The Shape of the Shield ~ Part Two
The Shape of the Shield ~ Part Three
The Shape of the Shield ~ Part Four
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