The Descendants of Wallace

Sir William Wallace of Elderslie, onetime Guardian of Scotland, is believed to have had a daughter, said to have married Sir William Baillie of Hoprig. We know of no probatory evidence to support this, but the oral testimony appears to have been well established from very early times. Since writing of the absurdities of "Braveheart" we have received several e-mailed questions asking for more information on Wallace's descendants, but we cannot supply the detailed, authentic lineage for which our correspondents probably hoped.

Sir John Baillie of Hoprig in East Lothian signed an agreement at Berwick in 1292 with a seal bearing six mullets. Either his heir or the subsequent heir would have been the William whose name is forever famously linked to Wallace, and is claimed as the ancestor of the several different Baillie lines ~ Lamington, Dunain, Innisbargie, Dochfour, Parbroth, Carphin, et al.
David II granted a charter of Lamington to Sir William Baillie of Hoprig in 1368. Forman's Roll records the early use of eight mullets on sable for the Lamington family. His grandson, Sir William Baillie of Lamington, married Marian, dtr of Sir John Seton of that Ilk, and from that union sprang the lines of Dunain and Innisbargie, and subsequently of Dochfour.
The fourth son of the Baillie-Seton alliance, William, continued the Lamington family, and when another Sir William became the last male in the direct line, he arranged for his heiress daughter to marry Edward Maxwell, the younger son of Lord Herries, who was to take the name and arms of Baillie of Lamington. The arms of the heiress daughter bore a chief argent.
Their descendant, William Baillie of Lamington, recorded his arms ca 1675 with nine estoiles instead of eight mullets. The Dunain and Dochfour branches at this time were expanding quickly, their daughters taking the tradition of the martyred Wallace blood into many Scottish families and their younger sons to London and into southern England.
The arms of Baillie of Lamington eventually settled at azure nine mullets or 3,3,2 and 1, but the senior line ended with an heiress, Margaret Baillie of Lamington. She took the new undifferenced arms to her husband, Sir James Carmichael of Bonnington, and their daughter, Henrietta, also an heiress, took the quarter on to Robert Dundas of Arniston
Elizabeth Dundas of Arniston, yet another heiress, then took her heraldic heritage to Sir John Lockhart-Ross. Their granddaughter Matilda married Sir Thomas Cochrane, grandson of the 8th Earl of Dundonald, and their eldest son Alexander, 1st Baron Lamington, placed the Baillie of Lamington arms in his first quarter, but with the golden mullets changed to estoiles.
Although the mullets and estoiles eventually turned to gold, the ancient arms undoubtedly bore silver stars (with either straight rays, mullets, or with wavy rays, estoiles) as the Baillie motto Quid clarius astris suggests. The first cadet lines to come off the main stem differenced by tincture, as did Jerviswood (shown below), while the later ones differenced with a bordure, as did Parbroth.
The heirs to Sir John Lockhart-Ross appear to have been in right of the undifferenced Baillie of Lamington quarter, but their male line is now extinct and no heir general has yet claimed the right to its matriculation. There appears a prima facie case for their inheritance by Farquharson of Invercauld. (Lord Burton, representer of Baillie of Lochfour, bears the azure coat of nine estoiles argent differenced by a bordure engrailed or, and several other families have established the right to other differenced versions.)
Baillie of Jerviswood
Baillie of Parbroth

The first of five pages discussing the "Braveheart" parody of Wallace's life

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